The problem of receding gums can be a symptom of gum disease, and may also lead to tooth loss and other dentistry concerns if left untreated especially for a long period of time. Gum recession results to the tooth roots being exposed, as the gum line gradually moves upwards towards the direction of the root. Receding gums can also cause pockets to form between the teeth and the gums, with these pockets or spaces easily susceptible to the build-up of bacteria that can in turn cause more dental problems.
What are the causes of receding gums?
Knowing what causes gums to recede can help in the prevention and proper diagnosis of receding gums. There are a number of factors that can contribute to the development of gum recession, and becoming familiar with these reasons may spell the difference between a serious receding gums problem – or a concern that can be reversed to prevent the progression of gum recession.
- Poor Dental Hygiene – Poor or infrequent tooth brushing, and not using dental floss as part of regular oral hygiene practices, can lead to gum recession problems. Oral health issues can be magnified even more if poor dental hygiene is combined with infrequent or irregular visits to the dentist.
- Gum Disease – Infections and diseases that affect the gums gradually wear down gum tissue that support the teeth – and can lead to receding gums especially if not addressed in the earliest stages.
- Aggressive Tooth Brushing Technique – Regular tooth brushing is an important part of good oral hygiene – but a too hard or aggressive technique can actually do more harm than good. When teeth are brushed too aggressively, the enamel can be worn down prematurely – and can cause the gums to recede.
- Smoking or Use of Tobacco Products – Smoking cigarettes or the use of other tobacco products makes it easier for plaque to stick to the surface of the teeth and the gum line. When plaque is not removed early enough, it can lead to receding gums and other dental problems.
- Teeth Clenching/Teeth Grinding – Grinding or clenching the teeth exposes the teeth to too much pressure, which can wear down the enamel and cause the gums to recede.
- Improper Teeth Alignment – Teeth that are crooked are exposed to excessive force when coming into contact with one another – and can lead to gum recession with the passage of time.