One of the complications that can result from missing teeth problems is bone deterioration (also called bone resorption). The loss of teeth can not only have a significant impact on both the form and function of natural teeth that have gone missing, but can also have a negative effect on the structure and quality of the jaw bone – especially if the tooth loss problem is left unattended for a long period of time.
To fully appreciate the benefits of a dental implants treatment in preventing or dealing with bone deterioration, it is important to know the reason why the deterioration of bone structure happens when teeth are lost.
Why does the jaw bone deteriorate when natural teeth are lost?
To maintain healthy density and form, the bones in our body need constant stimulation – and the jaw bone is no exception to this rule. In the case of the jaw bone (and the structures that support and surround the teeth), the stimulation comes from the natural teeth. Tooth loss results to the corresponding loss of stimulation of the jaw bone, in the specific area where the natural tooth was previously located. It is estimated that about 25% of jaw bone width is decreased within the first year of tooth loss, with the jaw bone height steadily decreased over the next few years that the missing teeth problem is not addressed.
How do dental implants prevent jaw bone deterioration?
Dental implants replace both the form and function of natural tooth roots. As the dental implants become fully integrated and fused with the jaw bone, they provide the necessary stimulation that the jaw bone structure needs – and helps in the maintenance of healthy bone density. The process of bone resorption that is inevitable after the loss of natural teeth can be stopped with the help of dental implants, which also bring improve the aesthetics and function of a person’s smile.
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