Tooth extraction is done as a last resort – when damage to the affected teeth is so extensive or severe, that no other dental treatment will be able to address the specific dental problem (and there is no other way to save the tooth otherwise). This procedure can also be a part of the preparation for orthodontic procedures such as the placement of orthodontic braces.
Possible Complications After the Extraction of a Tooth
Infection – Antibiotics may be given by the dentist after tooth extraction to prevent the occurrence of infection. Symptoms of infection include swelling, intense pain and continuous bleeding even after 48 hours has passed.
Bleeding – The gauze piece should be left for up to two hours after the extraction to allow the blood to clot successfully. Those who have blood problems (such as hemophilia) and those who are taking non-steroidal analgesics or aspirin should inform their dentists before the tooth extraction procedure, as there may be bleeding complications that may arise.
Retained Roots – This can occur when a part of the tooth root is left or is not removed completely.
Dry socket – A dry socket may result when the blood clot on the area where the tooth is extracted is removed, exposing the tooth-less socket fluids, food and air. This condition can be severely painful, and is more likely to happen in cases when the extraction involves a tooth in the lower jaw.
Sinus Perforation – This can happen when tooth extraction involves the back teeth, which are in close proximity to the sinus area. Although a thin ridge of bone separates the roots of the teeth and the sinus, there are instances when a piece of the sinus can be removed along with the tooth root.
Jaw Fracture – Occurring very rarely, this problem may result from too much pressure applied during the extraction of the tooth. A fragile bone structure surrounding the tooth to be extracted can also result to this complication.
It is important to follow the guidelines that your dentist gives you after the tooth extraction, to avoid having to deal with the possible complications mentioned above. The period following the actual removal of the tooth is a crucial time; this is the reason why every possible way to avoid infections and other complications should be done, so that the tooth extraction turns out to be a procedure that is free from pain and unnecessary discomfort.
Read more about tooth extraction.
We can ask our dentists (who are some of the most experienced and highly-qualified in the UK) to give you some impartial advice. Ask below.