Dental occlusion deals with how the teeth on the lower and upper jaws come into contact with one another. Studying occlusion of a person’s teeth – whether at rest or when chewing – is important because improper dental occlusion (or malocclusion) can lead to a number of more serious dental and medical complications.
This is Dentistry aims to give you the information you need about dental occlusion, so you will have the details you need even before you consult with a dentist about dental occlusal concerns. This is Dentistry gives you access as well to a comprehensive dentist directory, where you can get the contact information of a dentist in your local area so you can get your dental occlusion questions and concerns answered the best way possible.
Types of Dental Occlusion
- Static Occlusion – This dental occlusion type deals with the way the lower and upper teeth are aligned with one another when the jaw is at rest, and is stationary or not moving. The dentist will need to observe the patient’s mouth at rest to be able to measure that particular patient’s static occlusion.
- Centric Occlusion – This type of dental occlusion deals with the way the lower and upper teeth come together when the jaw is closed; it is about how the teeth are aligned once the patient bites down.
- Malocclusion – Malocclusion occurs when the upper and lower teeth are not aligned properly, and can lead to underbites, overbites or crossbites, which can in turn lead to various dental and medical problems – especially if the improper dental occlusion or malocclusion is not addressed in its early stages.
Problems Caused by Malocclusion
Improper dental occlusion or malocclusion can lead to a number of problems involving the jaw muscles, gums, teeth and the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) or jaw joint. Here are just some of the possible complications that can result from malocclusion:
- Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders
- Worn teeth
- Worn fillings and crowns
- Receding gums
- Sinus problems
- Neck and shoulder pains
Dental Occlusion Treatment
Proper diagnosis of dental occlusion problems should be made so the correct treatment can be made in the earliest possible time.
- Pain Management – The first stage of a dental occlusion problem treatment involves pain management, if pain is present.
- Orthodontics – Used when dental occlusion problems have the possibility of developing into TMJ disorders.
- Occlusal Restoration – May involve the placement of crowns or fillings, or the re-shaping of these dental restoration applications.
- Occlusal Equilibration – The top part of the teeth will be re-shaped to decrease pressure on each tooth.
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