Bone grafting is a dental surgical procedure that is done to reshape of replace the bone supporting the teeth. A dental bone graft may be done prior to a dental implant procedure, to make sure that there is enough bone mass to support the implant; a bone graft may also be done to repair the damage caused by gum diseases and other infections that have resulted in the loss of bone mass.
You can get the information you need about bone grafting here in This is Dentistry, because we believe in empowering every person with the knowledge so everyone can make the best decisions concerning their dental health care. This is Dentistry also gives you access to a comprehensive dentist directory where you can find a dentist in your local area – so you can get the consultation you need prior to any dental bone graft procedure.
Why Do You Need a Dental Bone Graft?
A bone graft may be needed to reshape or add bone mass to the jaw area before a dental implant (or other reconstructive dental procedure) can be undertaken; this is because the dental implant needs to be supported by sufficient bone mass to ensure its success. A dental bone graft may also be done to treat bone loss that resulted from gum disease and infection, the wearing of dentures or physical trauma. Dental bone grafting is commonly combined with the grafting of the soft tissues of the gums.
Bone Graft Types
- Autografts – With this dental bone graft type, a piece of bone is harvested or taken from the patient’s body (usually from the mouth or hip) and is then grafted into the jawbone. Autografts have a very high success rate, since the bone is taken from the body of the patient itself, and there is less chance of the body rejecting the grafted bone. Two surgical procedures are needed for this type of bone graft – one to harvest the bone, and the other for the bone grafting itself.
- Allografts – This bone graft type involves getting the graft material from other human bone donors. A series of tests will be conducted to determine if the donor’s bone will have a chance to graft successfully with the recipient’s body. This bone graft type has a higher risk for rejection from the recipient’s body, since the bone came from another person.
- Alloplastic Grafts – This dental bone graft type uses synthetic materials (such as calcium phosphate) that closely resemble the characteristics of natural bone. There is no risk of diseases being transferred from the donor to the recipient since the material is synthetic, although there is still a risk that the recipient’s body will reject the material.
- Xenografts – This bone grafting type involves an animal donor, the most common donors being cows. Natural bone growth is encouraged through this bone grafting type, although some patients may have reservations over the fact that the bone was harvested from an animal.
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