Date: April 25, 2014 Richard Jones


A toothache is usually just a symptom of a specific dental condition, which should be addressed and treated to completely get rid of the toothache itself. A person who has a toothache will normally feel pain in and around the teeth, as well as the jaw area; the pain can come in fleeting phases, or may be the throbbing toothache that can last for hours or days at a time.

This is Dentistry will give you the toothache information you will need to be able to effectively deal with toothache symptoms – so you can live your life to the fullest without having to experience paralyzing toothache episodes. You can also get in touch with a dentist near you to get relief for toothache, by looking through the comprehensive This is Dentistry dentist directory.

Toothache Topics on This Page:

  1. How to Relieve a Toothache (Video – Must See)
  2. Toothache Causes
  3. Toothache Symptoms
  4. Toothache Diagnosis
  5. Home Remedies for Toothache
  6. Toothache Prevention
  7. Severe Toothache
  8. Treatment and Cure for Toothache
  9. Toothache in Children
  10. Emergency Dentist

How to Instantly Cure A Toothache at home Remedy by Dr. Sam Weisz


How to Relieve a Toothache – Other Options

Toothache Causes

A toothache can be caused any of the conditions below, and may also be the result of a combination of more than one of these conditions:

Tooth Decay – Tooth ache can be the result when both the outer (enamel) and the inner structure (dentin) of a tooth is destroyed, causing the tooth to be decayed. Dental cavities or holes form on the affected tooth (or teeth); when left untreated, these holes can progress to dental abscess and will cause a lot of pain.

Dental Abscess – An abscessed tooth is most often caused by severe tooth decay that has been left untreated, causing an infection to develop on the tooth’s root, the tooth itself, and the surrounding gum area. The tooth pain an abscess can cause may spread to the jaws, the throat, or the whole mouth area if not addressed early enough.

Gum Disease – Gum problems characterized by plaque build-up and inflammation of the gums can lead to a significant amount of pain and discomfort. Gum disease that is not addressed in its early stages can progress to periodontitis – and can even lead to tooth loss.

Damaged/Missing Dental Filling – When a dental filling is accidentally removed or damaged, the sensitive inner part of the affected tooth will be exposed and may result to extreme sensitivity and discomfort.

Worn Tooth – Tooth erosion can cause the sensitive tooth roots to be exposed above the gum line; when the tooth roots are exposed, the teeth will experience extreme sensitivity to even the slightest change in temperature or the slightest pressure.

Impacted Tooth – An impacted tooth problem, which most commonly affects a wisdom tooth, is a common cause of severe tooth pain. The tooth gets impacted and does not erupt from under the gum line in a normal manner, causing it to grow sideways and pushing against the teeth next to it; this in turn can cause the gums to be swollen. An impacted tooth is also more susceptible to tooth decay, since it cannot be cleaned thoroughly due to its position below the gum line.

TMJ/Jaw Problems – Problems involving the jaw joint, such as a TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorder, often cause uncontrollable teeth grinding or teeth clenching. The excessive force that the teeth are exposed to because of the habitual grinding of the teeth can lead to severe tooth pain.

Sinus/Ear Problems – There are times when diseases concerning the ears, or the sinuses, manifest themselves around the jaw or teeth area. The pain can radiate from the ears of the nose/sinus area towards the teeth, and may quickly be assumed as a form of tooth ache.

Toothache Symptoms

These are the most common symptoms associated with tooth ache:

  • A sharp of throbbing pain on the affected tooth
  • Pain when chewing, or when teeth are clenched
  • Swollen, red gums
  • Extreme sensitivity of the teeth when exposed to temperature changes (for example: drinking hot or cold beverages)
  • Bad breath/foul-smelling breath
  • A bitter taste that stays in the mouth
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Swollen upper or lower jaw area
  • Abscess, or the presence of pus on the affected tooth or the surrounding gum area
  • Fever and/or headache

Toothache Diagnosis

Toothache will be diagnosed properly by a dentist using a physical/visual examination, as well as with getting comprehensive information regarding medical history. Questions about the specific nature of the tooth pain (what kind of pain it is; does it throb continuously; how severe it is) will also help the dentist in providing the proper diagnosis and in turn, the appropriate treatment. The dentist will look at the affected tooth, and the surrounding gum areas to determine what is causing the pain and discomfort. X-rays and/or digital photographs of the affected area may also be obtained to take a closer look at the jaw bone, and to help with the formulation of a proper tooth ache diagnosis.

Home Remedies: How to Relieve a Toothache

A toothache problem will need to be seen by a dentist so proper solutions can be provided; seeing a dentist will also ensure that the pain and discomfort will be dealt with on a permanent, or at the very least long-lasting, basis. However, there are several effective home remedies for dealing with tooth pain, to make the situation more bearable; these home remedies may also provide antibacterial solutions that will help with the infection as bring relief from a toothache.

  • Over the Counter Pain Relievers – Pain relievers (such as aspirin, acetaminophen, or paracetamol) that are available over the counter/ off the shelf can help bring temporary relief from tooth pain.
  • Ice Pack – Applying an ice pack on the cheek area that corresponds to the painful tooth area inside helps in easing the pain and discomfort.
  • Clove Oil – Clove oil or cloves have long been used a home remedy for toothache. Ground cloves can be used and placed on the area next to the aching tooth to ease the pain. A drop of clove oil can be used to treat the aching tooth or swollen gums; the antiseptic properties of clove oil will help in relieving the pain and discomfort caused by an infection.

  • Garlic – A crushed clove of garlic applied to the aching tooth can relieve discomfort; the antibacterial properties of garlic also help in fighting any infection present in the painful area.
  • Warm Saltwater Rinse – Lukewarm saltwater can be used as a gargle to dislodge any food particles that may be wedged between teeth (and may be causing the tooth to be painful); swollen gums can also be eased with this warm saltwater rinse.
  • Wheatgrass Juice – The natural antibacterial properties of wheatgrass juice works in drawing out toxins from the teeth and gum areas, especially when the juice is used as a mouth rinse/ mouth wash.
  • Raw Onion – Chewing on a piece of raw onion is said to help in alleviating a toothache; if it is too painful to chew, the piece of raw onion can just be placed directly on the affected tooth.
  • Vanilla Extract – A few drops of vanilla extract on a cotton ball can be applied directly to the aching tooth; the alcohol in the extract can bring immediate relief from a toothache.
  • Apple Cider Vinegar – A cotton ball soaked in apple cider vinegar can be placed on top of the painful tooth to ease the discomfort.
  • Tea Bags – A used tea bag that is still a little warm will bring relief from toothache pain when placed on top of the affected tooth; the tannins in the tea leaves have numbing properties that will help with tooth pain relief.

Prevention: How to Avoid Toothache

A painful toothache problem can be avoided by following the tips given below:

Practise Good Oral Hygiene – Brushing the teeth properly after every meal, and using dental floss to remove the food particles in between teeth, will go a long way in ensuring that tooth ache will not be a problem in the future. Using an antibacterial mouthwash can also help maintain healthy teeth, gums, and the whole mouth area, and will efficiently help in the prevention of toothache.

Go for Regular Dental Checkups – Regular visits to the dentist will greatly help in the maintenance of good oral health so you can avoid tooth ache. These dental checkups will also enable the dentist to see even the earliest stages of dental problems – such as tooth decay – so that the problem can be addressed immediately, without the pain and discomfort that comes with a dental problem that has progressed or worsened. Teeth should also be professionally cleaned on a regular basis to complement a proper tooth brushing technique done at home – for effective toothache prevention.

Choose a Healthy Diet – Having a regular diet consisting of fruits and vegetables will not only provide the body with the necessary vitamins and minerals; the fruits and vegetables can also help clean the teeth, as chewing on the leaves and fibers of these healthy food items can be like natural tooth brushing without the need for toothpaste or other chemicals which can help stop tooth ache. Try to avoid food and drinks that have a high acid or sugar content, as these can damage teeth and may contribute to the quick build-up of plaque and bacteria.

Fight with Fluoride – Tooth ache prevention can be started in childhood with fluoride supplements or fluoride tablets from the dentist. Fluoride is effective in helping children avoid toothache, and also makes teeth stronger and more protected from dental problems. Toothpaste and mouthwash products with fluoride can be used by adults to avoid toothache as well, and these products can provide additional protection against tooth decay.


Severe Toothache

The pain and discomfort from a toothache can range from a mild discomfort, to an extremely painful experience. Severe tooth ache can be considered as a dental emergency, which means that immediate attention is needed from an emergency dentist so that the extreme pain can be treated and dealt with. The dentist will be able to provide the appropriate treatment, as well as the corresponding medication or procedure, to the severe toothache problem – so that the discomfort and the cause of this dental problem can be solved in the soonest possible time.

Cure and Treatment for Toothache

The treatment for a toothache problem will depend on what is causing the tooth ache in the first place. Here are some of the most common causes of toothache, and the corresponding cure that the dentist will provide for each tooth ache cause.

Tooth Decay – If a cavity or tooth decay is the cause of tooth pain, the hole may need to be treated with dental filling; the situation may also be improved with the use of a dental crown. A root canal therapy may also be done to save the affected tooth from further infection. In extreme cases when the decay has become too extensive and the root cannot be saved by other dental treatments, a tooth extraction may need to be done.

Dental Abscess – Tooth ache caused by a dental abscess may be treated with anti-inflammatory medications to relieve the pain and swelling. If there is pus present in the abscessed area, the dentist will have to do the necessary drainage procedures to ensure that the infection does not spread to the gums or to other teeth; a root canal procedure may also be done to address an abscessed tooth.

Gum Disease – If the tooth pain is caused by gum disease, deep cleaning treatments may be combined with medications to ensure that the gum problem does not worsen even further. For those cases when the deep cleaning treatments and medications are not enough, surgical treatments such as a flap surgery or a bone or tissue graft may be done by the dentist.

Damaged/Missing Dental Filling – A damaged or missing dental filling should immediately be seen by a dentist, so that the toothache cure can immediately be given with the replacement of the tooth filling.

Worn Tooth –  Tooth ache caused by worn teeth can be cured by using dental veneers; if the worn teeth problem is caused by excessive teeth grinding, a mouth guard may be given to prevent the teeth from coming into contact (and grinding against) with each other.

Impacted Tooth – Extraction is the most effective treatment for toothache when the problem is caused by an impacted tooth. The surgical extraction of the impacted tooth will eliminate the problem of this tooth pushing against other teeth, and will also deal with any infections that may be present.

TMJ/Jaw Problems – TMJ cures for toothache problems include the following: stress management, pain relief and anti-inflammatory medications, heat or ice therapy, corrective dental therapy (the use of orthodontics and dental appliance adjustments to correct an improper bite), occlusal therapy (the use of a mouth guard to prevent teeth grinding at night), and surgery.

Sinus/Ear Problems – Sinus and ear problems that cause tooth ache should be treated according to its root cause, as the pain and discomfort will not go away permanently if the origin of the pain is not addressed.

Toothache in Children

Toothache in children should be given immediate dental treatment to ensure that the problem does not worsen into something more serious – and also to provide the needed pain relief for the child, so he or she does not experience prolonged pain suffering. One of the first dental problems that a child will encounter in the earliest stages of his or her life will come from teething problems. The discomfort from teething problems comes when the first teeth are starting to erupt from under the gum line; the child will feel discomfort as the teeth comes out from under the gums, which in turn can become swollen and extremely sensitive.

As the child grows older, some of the most common causes of toothache come from tooth decay (cavities), and from food bits lodged in between teeth. Tooth decay in children can be caused by the consumption of food and beverages that are high in sugar and acidity which work on tooth erosion and on the faster buildup of bacteria-causing plaque in the surface of the teeth. Proper tooth brushing practises, as well as regular visits to the dentist, can help prevent tooth ache problems in children. It is best to consult your dentist or your GP regarding the home remedies that can be followed with regards to children, as not all of the toothache home remedies listed above (and found elsewhere) may be applicable for the younger ones.

It is essential for children to learn about the importance of how to properly take care of their teeth from a very young age. Knowing how to brush their teeth properly, learning how to use the dental floss, and appreciating the need for regular dental checkups from a young age will help children in discovering the advantages of proper oral hygiene. The knowledge that children gain from their childhood will hopefully be firmly instilled and implemented as they grow older, so that their oral health will still be properly taken care of as they turn into adults.

You can get in touch with the NHS 24 hours a day, 365 days a year with your children’s toothache concerns or questions, by calling NHS direct at 0845 4647.


Emergency Dentist

If you have severe toothache, you may need to go to an emergency dentist to get immediate (and much-needed) relief from the extreme pain and discomfort. As you prepare for your trip to the emergency dentist, you can follow one of the home remedies listed above to experience temporary relief from the tooth ache. Aside from severe toothache, other dental problems that can be classified as dental emergencies are: lost tooth fillings (which can also cause tooth pain), lost dental crowns, prolonged bleeding after a tooth extraction, knocked-out teeth, trauma to the teeth, mouth or face, or injuries to the oral cavity’s soft tissues.

You can easily find a dentist in your local area for your dental emergency needs here. You can also get quick answers to your most pressing toothache questions, or other dental problems and concerns, by asking an online dentist.

Getting in touch with the NHS for your dental emergency or urgent dental treatment can easily be done 24 hours a day, 365 days a year – by calling NHS direct at 0845 4647. You can also get in touch with your local dental practice and ask to be treated as a dental emergency case; you can also call your local PCT and inquire about the dental access helpline if you do not have a regular dentist that you go to.




Related Pages

Tooth Pain
Dental Abscess
Gum Disease
Wisdom Tooth Pain

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