Also known as dental caries, tooth decay is a dental disease caused by bacteria which leads to the damage of the tooth enamel. The tissues in the tooth enamel are gradually broken down by tooth decay bacteria, causing them to have holes or cavities with the passage of time – and without proper dental health intervention.
This is Dentistry will give you the information you need to be able to fight back against tooth decay. You will also be able to get the contact information of dentists in your local area through This is Dentistry, so you can get the dental health care you need to be able to avoid getting your teeth damaged by tooth decay.
Causes of Tooth Decay
The main cause of tooth decay is the teeth’s exposure to food or beverages containing carbohydrates, such as sugars and starches. Some of the most common food and beverages that high in sugars and starches that can result to tooth decay are: candy, cake, fruits, soft drinks and other sugared drinks. The sugars and starches in these food and beverages can interact with bacteria in your mouth, and can lead to tooth decay and cavities.
Food that Cause Tooth Decay
Symptoms of Tooth Decay
- White, brown, gray or black spots on the surface of the tooth
- Bad breath
- Toothache caused by the bacterial infection, especially when the tooth pulp gets irritated
- Teeth that get too sensitive to pressure, or are slowly loosening
- Teeth fillings that suddenly loosen
- Bleeding gums
Treatment for Tooth Decay
The treatment methods for tooth decay will depend on the severity of the condition.
- Early stages of tooth decay can be prevented from further worsening by brushing with toothpaste fortified with fluoride; your dentist can also suggest fluoride treatments to prevent cavities from being formed.
- If a cavity has already formed due to tooth decay, you may need to have fillings. Your dentist will remove the part of the tooth that has been decayed, and will then use the filling to fill the gap and to prevent further tooth decay.
- If the tooth decay is severe and has led to a badly-damaged tooth, crowns will do the trick. The crown will serve as the replacement for the part that has been severely damaged by tooth decay.
- A root canal is needed if the pulp of the tooth has been damaged by tooth decay and needs to be removed.
- Tooth extraction will be done in severe tooth decay cases when the root of the tooth has been completely damaged. The lost tooth (or teeth) can then be replaced with a bridge, dentures or dental implants.
Tooth decay can be prevented with a proper diet, good oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist. You can do a lot in ensuring that tooth decay will not be a part of your life, so make sure that you do that part at the soonest possible time – and stick to that routine!
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